Water Production and Treatment

The City of Kilgore has two major sources of drinking water: eight wells located in Smith County and a surface water treatment plant located in the northern part of the City.  Together they provide safe, clean drinking water to meet the domestic, commercial and industrial water demands of the City.

The two sources of water together can produce approximately 8 million gallons daily when operating at full capacity.  This is more than adequate to supply the needs of the City.  The water department attempts to account for all the water produced by taking into account metered as well as unmetered uses such as hydrant flushing, fire protection, etc.  Unauthorized uses such as water leaks, theft of service, meter errors, etc. are considered unaccounted-for water.

The wells pump water from the Carrizo-Wilcox aquifer from an average depth of approximately 530 feet.  These eight wells provided 51.6% of the water produced for the City last year.

The surface water treatment plant receives and treats water from the Sabine River via a pump station located approximately 10 miles from the plant.  The water is pumped to a reservoir located adjacent to the treatment plant, and from there it is piped into the plant for treatment.  The pumps and transfer pipeline are capable of pumping 10.5 million gallons of raw water to the reservoir each day.  The reservoir is designed to hold a 30 day supply of water for the plant, in the event the water quality in the river does not meet the standards needed for treatment.   The water plant produced 48.4% of the treated water consumed last year.

Frequent testing is required on the water before, during and after it is treated.  Some of the analyses are performed by the water plant and well field operators as part of their daily routine, and other analyses are performed by either contract labs or by the regulatory agencies.

 Additional sampling collected either by the operators or by contract laboratories included monthly bacteriological sampling, monthly sampling of the raw water from the Sabine River and analysis for Cryptosporidium, and sampling done at representative locations throughout the City as part of an Initial Distribution System Evaluation required by the TCEQ, analyzing for total trihalomethanes (TTHMs) and haloacetic acids (HAA5).Results of these analyses are made available to the public in the form of a Drinking Water Quality Report (Consumer Confidence Report), which is provided to all water customers and made available in public places as well as on the City’s web site in June of each year.  The report summarizes the test results and gives the consumers important information on the quality of their drinking water.